Microscopic analysis of compression injury over neck: One-year prospective study

Original Article

Author Details : Ashok Subhash Jiwane*, K U Zine, R V Bardale

Volume : 8, Issue : 2, Year : 2021

Article Page : 125-131


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The present study was conducted in Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology of a Government Medical College and Hospital in year 2017. Total 2781 postmortem examinations were conducted in 2017. Out of that total 2781 cases, 176 compression of neck cases came for postmortem and amongst these 105 cases were studied in detail as per inclusion criteria. Out of 105 cases of compression around neck, which were studied, there were 93 cases of hanging, 10 cases of ligature strangulation, 01 case of manual strangulation and 01 case of accidental strangulation studied. On gross in total 11 cases of strangulation hemorrhage in subcutaneous tissue, strap muscle and sternocleidomastoid muscle observed and in only 20 cases of hanging there was hemorrhage observed in subcutaneous tissue and no hemorrhage observed in strap and sternocleidomastoid muscle in hanging cases. In this present study on histopathology vascular congestion and extravasation of red blood cells observed in 28 cases of compression of neck. These findings indicate the importance of histopathology of underlying neck structure in neck compression cases in documenting antemortem nature of hanging and strangulation in doubtful cases.

Keywords: ­ Compression of neck, Strangulation, Throttling, Ligature mark, Histopathology.

How to cite : Jiwane A S, Zine K U, Bardale R V, Microscopic analysis of compression injury over neck: One-year prospective study. Indian J Forensic Community Med 2021;8(2):125-131

Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and Indian J Forensic Community Med. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)

Article History

Received : 15-05-2021

Accepted : 22-06-2021

Available online : 12-07-2021

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