A study on community perception and risk reduction practices for dengue and malaria in field practice area of RHTC of JNUIMSRC, Jaipur- A cross-sectional study


Original Article

Author Details : Surendra Mohan Mathur, Brajesh Kumar*, Rekha Mathur, Ranjit K Jha

Volume : 7, Issue : 4, Year : 2020

Article Page : 196-202

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijfcm.2020.041



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Abstract

Introduction: Globally, Vector Borne Diseases (VBDs) account for 17% of infectious disease burden. Among VBDs, malaria and dengue are major public health problems due to their endemic nature and at times presenting outbreaks, and socioeconomic effects of them. A recent estimate indicates 390 million dengue infections per year, of which 96 manifest clinically with any severity of disease. The number of reported cases have increased from 2.2 million in 2010 to 3.2 million in 2015. India, being the highest
burden country in South East Asian region, showed a declining trend in malaria incidence in recent years and is now poised to continue its stride toward achieving malaria elimination target by 2030.
Materials and Methods: From November 2019 to February 2020. People residing in field practice area of RHTC, JNUIMSRC, village Sindoli Jaipur. The study was done by a pre-designed, pre -tested, semistructured interview schedule.
Discussion: In present study 88.4% heard about Malaria and Dengue, 46.37% were knowing all symptoms of these diseases, 83.69% know that it is transmitted by mosquito bite and 79.71% knew that water is their breeding site. 82.24% knew that water clogging is major cause of breeding. 65.57% believed that they are at risk of these diseases. 80.07% believed that clearing of water containers weekly will prevent breeding, 44.92% believe control activities a joint responsibility and 55.43% believe that public health persons should be allowed to inspect and spray. 54.71% believe sleeping under net prevent from malaria
and Dengue. 83.69% practice environmental cleanliness to prevent these diseases. 37.68% respondent were drying their coolers when it was empty after use. 87.31% were using covered overhead tanks. 61.95% used to through coconut shells, egg shells and empty containers and used household water in discriminately.
Conclusion: Rapid unplanned urbanization with the growth of substandard housing conditions, poor sanitation, and other anthropogenic environmental changes has made rural areas and urban slums more vulnerable to these diseases and unavailability of effective vaccines, resistance to anti-malarial and antidengue medicines has further worsen to the situation. For this problem public health experts require a deeper insights into existing community perceptions and practices and thereby helps in identifying the attributes that influence the community in adopting healthy practices and responsive behaviors, as regard
Malaria and Dengue.

Keywords: Perception, Knowledge, Attitude, Behaviour.


How to cite : Mathur S M , Kumar B , Mathur R , Jha R K , A study on community perception and risk reduction practices for dengue and malaria in field practice area of RHTC of JNUIMSRC, Jaipur- A cross-sectional study. Indian J Forensic Community Med 2020;7(4):196-202


Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and Indian J Forensic Community Med. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)





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https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijfcm.2020.041


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